PCC (Plain Cement Concrete) is suitable to take only compressive loads because of its no reinforcement properties. PCC is made up of cement, sand, aggregate and water. RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) acts like the backbone of any structure. Its structures are reinforced with steel bars. RCC can resist all types of heavy loads and stresses. Let’s deep dive into the Difference between PCC and RCC.
We will differentiate PCC and RCC in detail through a complete table: –
|Plain Cement Concrete (PCC)
|Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCC)
|Can’t use for heavy loads and bear forces like column, beams and slabs.
|We can use RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) for making columns, beams and other heavy loads like beams.
|Use of Steel is not allowed for the making of Reinforced cement
|It is a composition of water, aggregate (coarse and fine), cement, sand and especially steel rods
|It can be use for making only light load things like floors, spongy walls and roads
|Use for all kinds of high compressive works like damns, bridges, off shore rig pillars, ammonia plants and boiler plants etc.
|Because of its low strength and weak density is not that safe for construction
|It is safer for constructions as compared to buildings made up of PCC (Plain Cement Concrete)
|Metal fatigue limit is very low
|Metal fatigue limit is very high
|It twists and turns less than RCC
|It twists and turns more than PCC which helps in creating zig zag structures smoothly
|PCC (Plain Cement Concrete) is a good choice for small structures
|RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) is good choice for structures that need to be of very strong
|PCC (Plain Cement Concrete) is cheaper than RCC
|RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) is expensive
|PCC (Plain Cement Concrete) takes less time for settling than RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) constructions
|RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) takes longer time to set
|It is not durable for long terms
|It runs for long period of time
|Steels will be tested by the use of magnets for removal from PCC
|No need for the magnet test
|High strength is not required in PCC (Plain Cement Concrete)
|High strength is very much needed to make sure of the safety for heavy loaded constructions like railway tracks
|Cracks can be seen and recovered in PCC (Plain Cement Concrete) constructions
|A big no for Cracks in RCC construction. Cracks can not be seen in a damn or any other strong foundation made up of RCC.
|As no need of long-term maintenance so no need of spending much on team of skilled builders
|Skilled employees and team of professionals is required to build a RCC construction
|No steel means no good stretchability in PCC (Plain Cement Concrete)
|Steel and concrete provide stretchable and compressive strength respectively in RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete)
|PCC chunks are usually between 12 mm to 40 mm.
|According to IS code, RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) lumps sizes should not be less than 125 mm
|Materials used in PCC (Plain Cement Concrete) leads to low deflections
|Materials used in RCC leads to more deflections
|Takes less time in mixing due to no reinforcement
|Takes more time in mixing of paste due to metal and steel components
|PCC (Plain Cement Concrete) buildings involve lessens the time for construction as compare to RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) constructions
|Maximum amount of steel bars involves maximum time for the completion of a RCC structure
|Concrete ratio of Plain Cement will always be 1:2:4, 1:3:6, 1:4:8. Where cement should be of 1 bag, 2 bags of sand and 4 bags of stone aggregates.
|Best Concrete ratio of Reinforced cement is 1:1.5:3. Where cement should be of 1 bag but aggregates should be divided in two group as coarse aggregate and fine aggregate. Otherwise, the ratio can differ depending on the size of site.
You should choose PCC (Plain Cement Concrete) or RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) and why?
Every existing thing on this earth has some pros and cons. It depends on us that whatever thing comes under our benefit; we call it a pros. Here are some facts that one should keep in mind before choosing between PCC (Plain Cement Concrete) and RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete): –
PCC (Plain Cement Concrete) is just a mixture of cheap plain cement, water, sand and stone aggregates whereas Reinforced Cement Concrete is a paste of costly steel metals, filtered sand and quality aggregates like fine and coarse. On one hand where PCC (Plain Cement Concrete) is less costly than RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete), RCC is best known for its solidity and structures. Heavy buildings like damns and Off shore rig projects can be done by RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) not PCC. So, if you are looking a cement concrete of budget friendly than you should go for PCC (Plain Cement Concrete) but if you want a strong building that too run on a long period of time then you should choose RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete). In short, one should choose the cement concrete on the basis of their indispensable needs for construction plus concerning the above-mentioned hacks.
Things you should take care while using these Concrete Cements
We all know “Prevention is better than cure”. A little mistake while using or applying any Cement Concrete can cause money wastage, time wastage and worst can cause a death. So these are the things that one should take care while using PCC (Plain Cement Concrete) or RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete):-
- Firstly, always check the correct ratio or amount of cement, sand, water and other aggregates
- Do a patch test before applying on the main area
- Check the spaces, number of bars and tools for starting the process
- For only PCC, check that steel bars must not be in contact with the ground soil
- Ensure that there must be a complete rescuing team at the place of construction
- All the labors and employees that are working on the field must wear gloves and glasses to avoid harmful chemicals that can cause harm to their eyes and skin
You can also go through our other blog on cements “High Alumina Cement”